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Organisation name in English
Forestry Management Augustów
Organisation name in national language
Nadleśnictwo Augustów w Augustowie
16-300 Augustów Augustów
Priority 1.2 Promotion and preservation of natural heritage
Legal status of organisation
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Position/function within the organisation
(87) 643 99 00
Project idea (in English)
„Traditional beekeeping - historical and natural heritage preserving local culture”
In the fifteenth and sixteenth century, the present territory of Poland, Belarus and Ukraine was the main area of honey and beeswax extraction in Europe. Local inhabitants were engaged in honey and beeswax harvesting, and their profession was called „bartnictwo” /traditional beekeeping/. Honey was extracted from natural or man-made hollows in tree trunks. Apiculture was a sector of economy which gave more revenue than timber harvesting and hunting taken together. Over the centuries, a specific tradition of beekeeping was created /language, tools, law/, which has become a national and natural heritage. Economic and social changes in Europe led to a decline in beekeeping at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. To this day materials on beekeeping laws, apiarian brotherhoods, descriptions in literature, drawings and photographs documenting the history of apiculture have survived.There also exists a film made in 1939 showing apiarists of the Grodnenskaja Forest.
The aims of the project are:
- to promote and protect the cultural and historical heritage related to the unique profession of traditional beekeeping
- to preserve and protect the natural heritage sites which are, among others, Grodnenskaja and Augustów Forests
- to promote traditional beekeeping as a unique tourist attraction, contributing to the diversity and improvement of tourist services.
The main activities of the project can be divided into the following sections:
- Cultural and historical
Within this section, it is planned to support indigenous breeds of bees inhabiting the forest ecosystems. One of the examples of such honey bees is the Augustów bee. The planned activities include: constructing wild beehives and log hives, increasing the surface area of forest meadows, sowing melliferous plants, increasing the share of melliferous species in forest ecosystems, digging ponds. In order to exchange experience and raise professional qualifications it is planned to organise workshops on how log hives work, the method of mounting them, the preparation and use of apairian tools. The aim of such seminars is to broaden and exchange the knowledge of the biology of the bee. All activities carried out under the auspices of the Forestry / studies of breeds, their health, veterinary care/will allow for safe and unhindered engagement of the local beekeepers in the project.
Within this section, it is planned to restore the knowledge about the role and importance of beekeeping in the history of the project partners and raise the public awareness of the unique value of the cultural and historical heritage of traditional beekeeping. Publications, information panels, models and exhibitions are to present the achievements of each nation and their contribution to the cultural and historical legacy.
The Augustów Forestry plan to create “The Regional Centre of Traditional and Forest Apiculture” in the seat of the Forestry. A conversion of the premises will create space for exhibitions as well as a meeting place for exchanging experiences during and after the completion of the project. The Regional Centre would also facilitate the cooperation of foresters, beekeepers and all societies interested in apiculture. It would also be a vital point in the touristic infrastructure.
The implementation of the above activities will enable the creation of unique tourist routes unmatched by those in other parts of Europe. Elements of the project in the forest ecosystems / traditional beehives and log hives/ with information panels, small touristic infrastructure /car parks, benches, bicycle stands/ and such facilities as The Regional Centre would diversify and make the tourist offer in the regions participating in the project more attractive.
Within this section, apart from raising the public awareness of the need of preserving the cultural and historical heritage, it would be essential to promote the aims and effects of the project using different means of communication. The website, publications, guidebooks, maps, films, gimmicks should be created in different language versions including the languages of the partners of the project and other languages generally used in such promotional materials.
All presented activities can be subject to adjustments and additions after considering the proposals of the partners of the project and the application requirements.
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